Hawaiian Monarchy 1
This article is to document the Hawaiian Monarchy from the Kamehameha Dynasty.
Kamehameha I : Pai'ea
Life: 1758? - May 8 1819
Royal Reign: 1810 - May 8 1819
King Kamehameha was born named Pai'ea, more commonly known as Kamehameha . Variations of his name include King Kamehameha, Kamehameha the Great, Kamehameha I, Tamehameha, Tameamea and Tamameamea.
Kamehameha is well known for being the first Hawaiian King on written record to have unified the Hawaiian Islands under single ruler in 1810 after King Kaumuali'i of Kauai cedes his kingdom to Hawai'i. It was during his lifetime that Captain Cook and the first Europeans made contact with the people of Hawai'i. He used European weapons, tactics and allies to help him conquer other Hawai?ian chiefs. He is well known Mamalahoe Kanawai for the law of the Splintered Paddle providing human rights and safety for non-warriors during wartime. This came from Kamehameha's reflections on his own violent actions against innocent Hawai'ians during past battles and the fact that he was also hit by a paddle while his foot was stuck in a rock. Kemehameha was known to be the last Hawaiian monarch to rule and live completely with the values of the ancient Hawai'ian traditions including the Kapu, and native Hawaiian spiritual beliefs.
Kamehameha II : Kalaninui Liholiho
Life: 1796 - July 14 1824
Royal Reign: May 8 1819 - July 14 1824
son of Kamehameha I
King Kamehameha II was born as Kalaninui Liholiho also known as Rihoriho Iolani, Liholiho Iolani, Liholiho
Kamehameha II was the first King to end the practice of some of the old Hawai'ian traditions. With Ka'ahumanu (a wife of Kamehameha I), they ended the 'ai kapu which forbid Hawaiian men and women from eating together. With the demand for change of the Hawai'ian culture and beliefs by the Hawai'ian people, Kamehameha II also had to deal with the rise of foreigners in Hawai'i. The foreigners brought various cultures, beliefs, values, opinions about the native Hawai'ians as well as diseases that Hawai'ians had not been exposed to and developed immunity to. Unfortunately both Kamehameha II his wife Queen Kamamalu fell ill with measles, pneumonia and died on a trip to England.
Kamehameha III : Kauikeaouli
Life: March 17 1814 - December 15 1854
Royal Reign: 1825 - December 15 1854
son of Kamehameha I
Kamehameha III is known to be the youngest and longest reign of the Kamehameha Dynasty. At the age of 11 he ascended the throne oh Hawai'i following the tragic death of his brother in England. He not only inherited the Kingdom of Hawai'i but the new challenges of a kingdom where traditions were changing with foreign influence, interests and power were growing. Within his reign was the great Mahele in 1848. Prior to the Great Mahele all lands were owned by the King. The Great Mahele created legal standards and ownership of lands by dividing royal lands between the King and konohiki (royal landlords). By 1850 Hawai'ian commoners and foreigners were given the opportunity to own Hawaiian land.
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